ITcon Vol. 26, pg. 441-457, http://www.itcon.org/2021/24

Potentials of Augmented Reality in a BIM based building submission process

DOI:10.36680/j.itcon.2021.024
submitted:January 2021
revised:March 2021
published:July 2021
editor(s):Kirti Ruikar, Ketan Kotecha, Sayali Sandbhor, Albert Thomas
authors:Christian Schranz, Assistant Professor
Faculty of Civil Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
Christian.Schranz@tuwien.ac.at

Harald Urban, Ph.D. candidate
Faculty of Civil Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
Harald.Urban@tuwien.ac.at

Alexander Gerger, Research Assistant
Faculty of Civil Engineering, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria
Alexander.Gerger@tuwien.ac.at
summary:The digital transformation in the construction industry, which is also referred to as Construction 4.0, is gaining impact in recent years. BIM as the central point for model-based planning and communication is at the centre of this development. This paves the way for the implementation of further technologies, such as augmented reality (AR) or artificial intelligence (AI) in the construction process. However, the submission process currently receives little attention in the BIM project cycle, even though it has a significant impact on a building project. There is a huge potential for the application of BIM and AR in the building submission process. BIM allows partly automatic compliance checks to be performed. The BIM model and the results of these checks can be used as basis for the AR model. This paper investigates an application for AR in a BIM submission process. Here we show that especially the plan check process and hearings in the approval process can be improved and sped up by combining BIM and the visualization technology of AR. In this process, AR can support the building authority in checking the compliance with building regulations. Additionally, non-experts involved often have problems grasping the planned building project just based on the technical 2D plans. In this case, AR helps them to visualise the impact of the planned project and allows for better judgement. Use-cases are presented, showing strategies to improve the plan check process and assist the building authority as well as the persons involved, for both experts as well as non-experts. Finally, the requirements, technical implementations, and effects of an AR application for the plan check process are described. An AR-supported plan checking process can vastly improve the presentation of technical content. This leads to better understanding and more transparency for non-experts. Because AR is relatively easy to use, it might become ubiquitous not only to experts, but also to the general public.
keywords:Building Information Modelling, Augmented Reality, building submission, plan check process, concept
full text: (PDF file, 0.904 MB)
citation:Schranz C, Urban H, Gerger A (2021). Potentials of Augmented Reality in a BIM based building submission process, ITcon Vol. 26, Special issue Next Generation ICT - How distant is ubiquitous computing?, pg. 441-457, https://doi.org/10.36680/j.itcon.2021.024