ITcon Vol. 26, pg. 409-426, http://www.itcon.org/2021/22

Multi-scale Information Retrieval for BIM using Hierarchical Structure Modelling and Natural Language Processing

DOI:10.36680/j.itcon.2021.022
submitted:December 2020
revised:April 2021
published:July 2021
editor(s):Kirti Ruikar, Ketan Kotecha, Sayali Sandbhor, Albert Thomas
authors:Jia Wang, Ph.D.,
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
E-mail: wangjia@bucea.edu.cn

Xinao Gao, M.E.,
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
E-mail: 1473452944@qq.com

Xiaoping Zhou,Ph.D.,
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
E-mail: lukefchou@gmail.com

Qingsheng Xie, M.E.
School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture
E-mail: 1954868773@qq.com
summary:Building Information Modelling (BIM) captures numerous information the life cycle of buildings. Information retrieval is one of fundamental tasks for BIM decision support systems. Currently, most of the BIM retrieval systems focused on querying existing BIM models from a BIM database, seldom studies explore the multi-scale information retrieval from a BIM model. This study proposes a multi-scale information retrieval scheme for BIM jointly using the hierarchical structure of BIM and Natural Language Processing (NLP). Firstly, a BIM Hierarchy Tree (BIH-Tree) model is constructed to interpret the hierarchical structure relations among BIM data according to Industry Foundation Class (IFC) specification. Secondly, technologies of NLP and International Framework for Dictionaries (IFD) are employed to parse and unify the queries. Thirdly, a novel information retrieval scheme is developed to find the multi-scale information associated with the unified queries. Finally, the retrieval method proposed in this study is applied to an engineering case, and the practical results show that the proposed method is effective.
keywords:Building Information Modelling (BIM); Multi-scale Building Information; Information Retrieval; Hierarchy Structure; Natural Language Processing (NLP)
full text: (PDF file, 0.887 MB)
citation:Wang J, Gao X, Zhou X, Xie Q (2021). Multi-scale Information Retrieval for BIM using Hierarchical Structure Modelling and Natural Language Processing, ITcon Vol. 26, Special issue Next Generation ICT - How distant is ubiquitous computing?, pg. 409-426, https://doi.org/10.36680/j.itcon.2021.022