ITcon Vol. 26, pg. 174-192, http://www.itcon.org/2021/11

On the quality of buildings and construction projects: metrics and process dynamics

DOI:10.36680/j.itcon.2021.011
submitted:December 2019
revised:December 2020
published:May 2021
editor(s):Kumar B
authors:Gilles THING LEO, Researcher,
University Paris-Est,
Constructability Research Institute (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics, du bâtiment et de l’industrie;
gilles.thingleo@estp.fr

Ahmed MEBARKI, Professor,
University Paris-Est, Laboratory Modeling and Simulation Multi-Scale (MSME UMR 8205/CNRS);
ahmed.mebarki@u-pem.fr

Francis CLAUDE, Researcher,
University Paris-Est,
Constructability Research Institute (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics, du bâtiment et de l’industrie;
fclaude@estp-paris.eu

Christophe GOBIN,
University Paris-Est,
Constructability Research Institute (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics, du bâtiment et de l’industrie;
cgobin@estp-paris.eu

Rani EL MEOUCHE, Researcher,
University Paris-Est,
Constructability Research Institute (IRC), Ecole Spéciale des Travaux Publics, du bâtiment et de l’industrie;
relmeouche@estp-paris.eu
summary:For any building project, the project management triangle QCT (Quality, Cost, Time) are decisive in the decision-making process. Indeed, better, faster and cheaper remain very important goals in the design of new industrial products in a competitive environment. In this paper, we propose a reference framework to formalize the quality criterion that characterizes a building made during a project. A quality measurement is then defined based on the performance levels of the functions actually provided by a building and the requirements originally formulated by its owner. In addition, a modeling of the building production process is proposed to observe the effects of technical or managerial choices on the expected quality of a new or renovated building. Finally, a representation of the level of performance of each building technical attribute over its life cycle is proposed in order to represent the performance recovery allowed by a renovation operation as a resilience process. In the end of this paper, a section is dedicated to a computational experiment for illustrating the theoretical approach.
keywords:Building, performance, quality, resilience, process dynamics, closed-loop system
full text: (PDF file, 0.75 MB)
citation:Thing Leo G, Mebarki A, Claude F, Gobin C, El Meouche R (2021). On the quality of buildings and construction projects: metrics and process dynamics, ITcon Vol. 26, pg. 174-192, https://doi.org/10.36680/j.itcon.2021.011