ITcon Vol. 21, pg. 272-291, http://www.itcon.org/2016/18

Formalized requirements management in the briefing and design phase, A pivotal review of literature

submitted:May 2016
revised:September 2016
published:September 2016
editor(s):Amor R
authors:Pouriya Parsanezhad, Ph.D. candidate,
Division of Project Communication, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH);
pouriya.parsa@abe.kth.se

Väino Tarandi, Professor,
Division of Project Communication, Department of Real Estate and Construction Management, The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH);
vaino.tarandi@abe.kth.se

Ragnar Lund, Researcher,
Centre for Banking and Finance, The Royal Institute of Technology (KTH);
ragnarlu@kth.se
summary:The aim of this article is to provide a knowledge base for developing further theoretical frameworks and conceptual models that support IT-implementation for formalized requirements management in the briefing and design phases. Related standards or technology-supported methods are not within the immediate focus area of this article. During the briefing and design phase, a wide range of requirements are articulated, documented, communicated and iteratively evaluated and modified. Issues with addressing and implementing such requirements are more common to the architecture/engineering/construction/operation (AECO) industry compared with other industries. Earlier theoretical propositions mainly originating from cognitive science could shed new light on how information technology (IT) developments may be best exerted for formalized requirements management. For conducting this literature review, a framework suggested by vom Brocke et al. (2009) and a taxonomy developed by Cooper et al. (1998) were implemented. This review has its focus on the central issues of the reviewed articles. The analysis process follows an espousal position and the organization of the findings is conceptual. Through analysis and synthesis of literature, major characteristics and dynamics intrinsic to requirements management in the AECO industry have been identified. Moreover, a number of theoretical views on design and validation processes namely Pattern Language, Schema Theory (Chan, 1990) and the theory of axiomatic design (Suh, 2001) have been revisited with the aim of disclosing their take on formalized requirements formulation and modification. As a prerequisite for developing further theoretical grounds for formalized requirements management, terminological and taxonomic ambiguities throughout the requirements management discourse have been notified. Inconsistent interpretations of such terms as objective, goal, constraint, criteria, variable, parameter and attribute throughout literature have been extracted and presented in both verbal and diagrammatic formats.
keywords:Building requirement, Formalized requirements management, Design, Briefing, Constraint, BIM, object-based
full text: (PDF file, 0.902 MB)
citation:Parsanezhad P, Tarandi V, Lund R (2016). Formalized requirements management in the briefing and design phase, A pivotal review of literature, ITcon Vol. 21, pg. 272-291, http://www.itcon.org/2016/18